A medical school is defined as a faculty of medicine and an educational institution where medicine is taught. Apart from teaching the basics, methodology and techniques to become a successful doctor, a medical school also offers Masters and Ph.D programs for the enhancement of knowledge of a medical student. Some medical schools are also involved in research and some medical schools also run hospitals. Every medical school thus, serves many different purposes apart from education of medical students, depending upon its area of core importance, principals and the level of funding it has.
Subjects that a medical school generally teaches are biochemistry, human anatomy, immunology, genetics, neurobiology and human biology. The admission process, course structure, teaching, researching varies from school-to-school. But in most of the cases for admission, you have to take a highly competitive standardized test. In many countries medical studies can be done at the undergraduate level. But in the United States medical studies can be done only at the post graduate level.
No matter at what stage you enter a medical school, the student must have a proper grasp over subjects like physics, genetics, inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, anatomy and physiology, pathology and human biology.
Upon completion of studies from a medical school a student is conferred a degree of Doctor of Medicine. But he cannot practice on his own until and unless he is granted a license from the state authorities. To get this license, he may have to sit for an exam again. Also a background investigation is done to see any criminal offenses. He may also have to submit letters of references to get the license.
Speaking specifically on the medical schools of United States, right from the first stage of admissions, its a tough path to follow. There are many aspiring students who want to pursue a course in medical sciences and thus competition is quite tough. Medical schools in United States follow a complex admission process. They not only look into your entrance examination (GPA, MCAT) scores but also takes into account the following factors before granting
* previous academic records * volunteering activities * research activities * letters of recommendation * personal statement * leadership qualities
You also need to have four years of an undergraduate science degree to be eligible to apply. Medical course in US is four-years long. The first two years are basically classroom teaching and in the last two years the students get hands-on practical experience. Some of the prominent medical schools in US are the University of Alabama School of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine , Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California and the Yale University School of Medicine.
Others reputed medical schools are the Georgetown University School of Medicine, Nova Southeastern University College of Osteopathic Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine, Rush Medical College, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Louisiana State University School of Medicine in New Orleans, and the Boston University School of Medicine.